Medical & Dental Abbreviations2019-01-09T20:32:02+00:00

Medical & Dental Abbreviations

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Search our Medical & Dental Abbreviations Glossary below. These abbreviations are commonly used in hospital, medical, and dental records.

There are many other abbreviations, rarely used, and some doctors and hospitals create their own. Our glossary is updated weekly. If you cannot find an abbreviation, please contact us for assistance.

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AbbreviationTerm
Aasthma; artery; acid; aspirin
aassessment also before (Lat. ante)
a or ABabortion or miscarriage
a or ARTartery
A&Eaccident and emergency
A&Pauscultation and percussion
A&Walive and well
a.c.before meals (Lat. ante cenam)
a.f.g.f.acidic fibroblast growth factor
a.k.above knee
a.p.before dinner
A.S.A.American Society of Anesthesiologists
A.S.A. 1normal healthy patient
A.S.A. 2patient with mild systemic disease
A.S.A. 3patient with severe systemic disease
A.S.A. 4patient with incapacitating systemic disease that is constant threat to life
A.S.A.S.Anterior Spinal Artery syndrome
A.Z.Ascheim-Zondek test
A/Bacid/base ratio
A/BEacid/base equilibrium
A/Galbumin globulin ratio
A/Oalert and oriented
A2aortic second sound
AAaffected area
aaequal part of each
AAAabdominal aortic aneurysm
AALacute lymphoblastic leukemia also anterior axillary line
AAPassume agitation present
AAROMactive assisted range of motion
AASPacute atrophic spinal paralysis
AAUacute anterior uveitis
ABAce Bandage also active bilaterally
abantibody
AB or abdabdominal
Abbabbreviations
ABCabsolute basophil count
abd.abdomen also abduction also abductor
ABEactivity before exercise also acute bacterial endocarditis
ABGarterial blood gas
ABNabnormal also active bulimia nervosa also acute bacterial nephritis
ABParterial blood pressure
absabsent
ABWactual body weight
Acacute
ACanterior chamber
accaccident
Acc.Inc.accidentally incurred
Acc.Inj.accidental injury
accom.accommodation
ACEangiotensin converting enzyme
ACEIangiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
AChAcetylcholine
AChRAcetylcholine receptor
ACIOLanterior chamber intraocular lens
ACLanterior cruciate ligament
ACMacute cerebrospinal meningitis
ACM or APAPacetaminophen (paracetamol)
ACNPacute care nurse practitioner
ACOPapproved code of practice
Acousacoustic
Acracrylic
ACSacute cervical sprain
Actactinomycin
ACTactive motion also anesthesia care team
actactivity
Act-Cactinomycin C
Act-Dactinomycin D
ACTDAtypical Connective Tissue disease
ACTHadrenocorticotropic hormone
ACVDacute cardiovascular disease
ADadvance directive also Alzheimer's disease also right ear (Lat. auris dexter)
ad libas desired also at liberty
ADDAttention Deficit Disorder
ADHantidiruetic hormone (vasopressin)
ADHDAttention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder
ADLactivities of daily living
ADMacquired dermal melanocytosis also arginine-deficient medium
adm.admission
ADRadverse drug reaction
AEabove elbow
AEAabove elbow amputation
AFafebrile
AF or Afibatrial fibrillation
AFBacid fast bacilli
AFOankle-foot orthosis
AFPalpha fetoprotein
AGAappropriate gestational age
AgNO3silver nitrate
AHabdominal hysterectomy
AHCDacquired hepatocellular degeneration
AHDacquired hepatocerebral degeneration
AHFArgentinian hemorrhagic fever
aIactive ingredient
AIAdequate Intake also aortic insufficiency also articulation index
AIDSacquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AIDS-KSacquired immunodeficiency syndrome with Kaposi's sarcoma
AJankle jerk
AKAabove knee amputation
akaalcoholic ketoacidosis
alb.albumin
alc.alcohol
ALDadrenoleukodystrophy
alkPhosalkaline phosphate
ALLacute lymphocytic/lymphoblastic leukemia
ALNDaxillary lymph node dissection
ALSamyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ALTalanine aminotransferase (formerly SGPT) also alternating with
AMbefore noon (Lat. ante meridiem)
AMAagainst medical advice
amb.ambulating also ambulatory
aMCIamnestic mild cognitive impairment
AMDage-related macular degeneration
AMIacute myocardial infarction
AMLacute myeloid/myeloblastic leukemia
amnioamniocentesis
amp.ampule also amputation
AMSaltered mental status
ANA see FANAantinuclear antibody test
ANCabsolute neutrophil count
ANDallow natural death
ANDSAtypical Neurological Disease syndrome
anes.anesthesia
ANFantinuclear factor
ann. fib.annulus fibrosis
ANSautonomic nervous system
ant.anterior
ANUGacute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
Anxty or ANXanxiety
AOaorta
AOBalcohol on breath
AODMadult onset diabetes mellitus
APacid phosphatase also active pepsin also ante partum
A-Panteroposterior
AP res.abdominal perineal resection of the rectum
A-P&lat or AP&Lanteroposterior and lateral
APCatrial premature contractions
aphaphasia
APPassume pain present
aq.water
ARactive-resistance also aortic regurgitation
ARCAIDS Related Complex
ARDacute respiratory distress
ARDSadult respiratory distress syndrome
AREactive-resistance exercise
ARFacute respiratory failure also acute rheumatic fever
Arg.arginine
AROMactive range of motion also artificial rupture of membranes
artarterial also articulation
ASaortic stenosis also left ear (Lat. Auris sinistra) also ankylosing spondylitis
ASAaspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)
ASAPas soon as possible
ASC or ATSarteriosclerosis
ASCVDatherosclerotic/arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASDatrial septal defect
ASHDarteriosclerotic heart disease
ASOantistreptolysin O
ASTaspartate aminotransferase (formerly SGOT) also aspartate transaminase
ATAchilles tendon
A-Tataxia telangiectasia
at. flut.atrial flutter
ATNacute tubular necrosis
ATNRasymmetrical tonic neck reflex
ATPadenosine triphosphate
ATRAchilles tendon reflex
ATTarginine tolerance test
AUaccording to custom (Lat. ad usum) also both ears (Lat. auris unitas)
AUBabnormal uterine bleeding
aud.auditory
Aur. Fibauricular fibrillation
AVaortic valve also atrioventricular
AV or AvVatrioventricular valves
AVDaortic valve disease
AVEaortic valve echocardiogram
AVFarteriovenous fistula
AVHSacquired valvular heart syndrome
AVMarteriovenous malformation
AVOaortic valve opening
AVparginine vasopressin
AVRaortic valve replacement
AVSaortic valve stenosis
AVtarginine vasotocin
AWable to work also above waist
Ax.axial also axilla also axillary
AXRabdominal X-ray
Bblack also born
B&Cbiopsy and curettage
B&Jbone and joint
B.bath
b.i.d. or B/Dtwice daily (Lat. bis in die)
b.i.n. or B/Ntwice a night (Lat. bis in nox)
B.U.O.bleeding of undetermined origin also bruising of undetermined origin
BAbrachial artery also bronchial asthma
Ba.E or BA or BEbarium enema
Ba.Sbarium swallow
Bab.Babinski sign
BACblood alcohol concentration
BALbronchoalveolar lavage
BAMbasilar artery migraine
BAObasal acid output also brachial artery output
BAO-MAObasal acid output to maximal acid output
BAPBehavior Activity Profile also brachial artery pressure
BARbariatrics also barometer also barometric also beta-adrenergic receptor
Barbbarbiturate
BarbDepbarbiturate dependence
BARKbeta-adrenergic receptor kinase
BASbeta-adrenergic stimulation
Bas.basal also basilar
basobasophile also basophilic
BATbasic aid training also blunt abdominal trauma also brown adipose tissue
BAVbicuspid aortic valve
BBbeta blocker also both bones
BBAborn before arrival
BBBbundle branch block
BBBBbilateral bundle-branch block
BBFbronchial blood flow
BBkblood bank
BBSbashful bladder syndrome also bilateral breath sounds
BBTbasal body temperature
BBTCbasal body temperature chart
BBx or BrBx.breast biopsy
BBx/FSbreast biopsy/frozen section
BCbasal cell also birth control also board certified also breast cancer also bronchial carcinoma also buffy coat
Bc or HCO3bicarbonate
BCAballoon catheter angioplasty also basal cell atypia also breast cancer antigen
BCAgbasal cell antigen
BCCbasal cell carcinoma also benign cellular changes also birth control clinic
BCDbasal cell dysplasia
BCEbasal cell epithelioma
BCGbacillus Calmette-Guerin (tuberculosis vaccine) also ballistocardiogram also ballistocardiography also bromcresol green (Dye)
BCHbasal cell hyperplasia
BCPbirth control pills
BCSbreast conservation surgery
BCtblood count
BCult or bl cultblood culture
BCyFbreast cyst fluid
BCyFPbreast cyst fluid protein
BDband also barbital-dependent also behavioral disorder also bile duct also blood donor also brain damage also brain dead also brain death
bdtwice daily
BD or D.O.B.birth date
Bd.board
BDCburn dressing change
BdGbidirectional Glenn shunt
BDIblunt duodenal injury
BDilbronchodilator
BEbelow elbow
BEAbelow elbow amputation
BETbenign essential tremor
BFloblood flow
BFPbiological false positive
BHTblunt head trauma
BIbasilar impression also biological indicator also bodily injury also bone impaction also burn index
Bic.biceps
BIDbrought in dead
BIHbilateral inguinal hernia
bilat.bilateral also bilaterally
bilibilirubin
BInjbrain injury
BiWtwice weekly
BJbiceps jerk (reflex)
BJMbones joints muscles
BKbelow knee
bk.back
BKAbelow knee amputation
BkMDBecker muscular dystrophy
BLblood loss
BL or BsLbaseline
Blad.bladder
bld.blood
BLEboth lower extremities
BLLFbilateral lower lung fields
BLQboth lower quadrants
BLSbasic life support
BLS-Dbasic life support and defibrillation
BMbasal metabolism also black male also bone marrow also bowel movement
BMDBest's macular dystrophy
BMIbody mass index
BMRbasal metabolic rate
BMT or HDCbone marrow transplant
BNbulimia nervosa
BNDbarely noticeable difference
BNObladder neck obstruction
BNPbrain natriuretic peptide
BO(R)bowels open (regularly)
BO/Bot.bottle-feeding
BOAborn on arrival
BOEbilateral otitis externa
BOIPbronchiolitis obliterans interstitial pneumonia
BOMbilateral otitis media
BOMAotitis media, both ears, acute
BOObladder outlet obstruction
BOOPbronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia
BOPblood ova parasites
BoTox or BTbotulinum toxin
BOWbag of water
BPblood pressure also body part
BPC or BPCuffblood pressure cuff
BPDbronchopulmonary dysplasia
BPHbenign prostatic hypertrophy
BPMbeats per minute
BPPblood pressure and pulse
BPPVbenign paroxysmal positional vertigo
BRbedrest
BR or WCbathroom
Br.breech presentation
BRFDbreastfeeding; breastfed
brach.brachial
BRBPRbright red blood per rectum
bronchobronchoscopy
BRPbathroom privileges
BSblood sugar also bowel sounds also breath sounds also bronchial secretion
BSAbody surface area
BSA or BS+bowel sounds active
BSBbedside bag
BSCbedside commode
BSDbedside drainage
BSExbreast self examination
BSNbowel sounds normal
BSObilateral salpingooophorectomy
BSPbromsulphalein (Dye)
BSRbasal skin resistance also blood sedimentation rate also bowel sounds regular
BSSbalanced salt solution
BSTblood serologic test
BTbladder tumor also blood type also body temperature also brain tumor also breast tumor
BT or Bl.Tbleeding time
BT or HSbedtime
BTBbromthymol blue (Dye)
BTEbehind the ear
BTFSbreast tumor/frozen section
BTLbilateral tubal ligation
BTLSbasic trauma life support
BTRbiceps tendon reflex
BTSblood transfusion service
BTUBritish thermal unit
BTWby the way
BTxblood transfusion also brevetoxin
BUBethesda unit also blood urea also burn unit also Buruli ulcer
BUAblood uric acid
Buc or Buccbuccal
BUEboth upper extremities
BUNblood urea nitrogen
BUN/CRblood urea nitrogen/creatine ratio
BUQboth upper quadrants
BURbilateral ureteral occlusion
BUSBartholin, urethral, and Skene glands
BVblood vessel
BVEblood vessel endothelium
BVObranch vein occlusion
BVPblood vessel prosthesis
BWbed wetting also below waist also birth weight also black woman
BW or body wt.body weight
BWSbattered woman/wife syndrome
Bx.biopsy
CCaucasian also cervical
C&Sculture and sensitivity
C.Celsius complement also centigrade also gallon
c.with
C.Icolor index
C.M.M.Certified Nurse-Midwife
c.v.tomorrow night
C/Ocare of
c/ocomplains of also complaints
C/SCesarean section
C1 - C7cervical vertebrae
Cacalcium also carcinoma
CAcancer also cardiac arrest also Caucasian adult
CA-MRSAcommunity-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
CAAcerebral amyloid angiopathy
CABGcoronary artery bypass graft
CaCO3calcium carbonate
CADcoronary artery disease
CAFCaucasian adult female also cell adhesion factor
Caf.caffeine
CAHchronic active hepatitis
CAHDcoronary atherosclerotic heart disease
Cal or Kcal.calorie
CAMCaucasian adult male
CAPDcontinuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
Capscapsules
car.carotid
Card Cathcardiac catheterization
card.cardiac
CardMyocardiomyopathy
CaSaccalcium saccharin
CATcomputerized axial tomography
Cat.cataract
cathcatheter also catheterization
CBCesarean birth
CBCcomplete blood count
CBDcommon bile duct
CBFcerebral blood flow
CBGcapillary blood gas
CBRcomplete bed rest
CBVcatheter balloon valvuloplasty also cerebral blood volume
CCCaucasian child also chief complaint
cc.cubic centimeter
CCBcalcium channel blocker
CCBscalcium channel blocker class
CCFcongestive cardiac failure
C-CFcarotid-cavernous fistula
CCGCcapillary column gas chromotography
CCSVIchronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency
CCUcoronary care unit
CDcadaver donor also cardiac disease also contagious disease
cdcandela (measurement unit for light)
CD or COD or c.m.cause of death (Lat. causa mortis)
CDCCenter for Disease Control
CDHchronic daily headache
c. diff or CDIClostridium difficile
CDyscardiac dysrhythmia
CEAcarcinoembryonic antigen also carcinoembryonic enzyme
Cerv.cervical also cervix
CFcardiac failure also Caucasian female also cystic fibrosis
CFSChronic Fatigue syndrome
cg.centigram
CHBcomplete heart block
CHDcongenital heart disease also coronary heart disease
Chem.chemotherapy
CHFcongestive heart failure
CHOcarbohydrate
Cholcholesterol
Chrchronic
CIcardiac index also cardiac insufficiency also cerebral infarction
CICUcardiac intensive care unit
CIDcarpal instability, dissociative
CIDPchronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy
CINDcarpal instability, non-dissociative
CIScarcinoma in situ
CI-XII1st to 12th cranial nerve
CJDCreutzfeldt-Jakob disease
C-JFcarotid-jugular fistula
CKcreatinine kinase
clcentiliter
Clchloride also chlorine also clubbing
Cl.Tclotting time
Clav. or Clclavicle
cldycloudy
CLLchronic lymphocytic leukemia
CMcardiac murmur also cardiac muscle also Caucasian male
cm.centimeter
CMalcerebral malaria
CMasscenter of mass
Cmccarpometacarpal
CMCJcarpometacarpal joint
CMEcystoid macular edema
CMemcell membrane
CMLchronic myeloid leukemia
CMVcytomegalovirus
CNcranial nerve
CNScentral nervous system
cnst.constipation
COcarbon monoxide also cardiac output
Co2 or CDcarbon dioxide
COADchronic obstructive airway disease
COCAcommon carotid artery
COLDchronic obstructive lung disease
comb.combination also combine
comm.communicable
comp.compound also compress
conc.concentrated
cons.consultation
cont.continued also contractions
COPcenter of pressure
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Corheart
CPcerebral palsy also chest pain
CPAPcontinuous positive airway pressure
CpBycardiopulmonary bypass
CPCclinicopathological conference
CPDcephalo-pelvic disproportion
CPKcreatinine phosphokinase
CPMcentral pontine myelinolysis
CPPBcontinuous positive pressure breathing
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPRScomplex regional pain syndrome
CPTchest physical therapy
CRclosed reduction
cran.cranial
CRDchronic respiratory disease
CRECarbapenum-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
creat. or Creacreatinine
CRFcase report form also chronic renal failure
CRPC-reactive protein
CRPSComplex Regional Pain syndrome
CRScatheter-related sepsis
CRTcapillary refill time also cardiac resuscitation team
Crtcritical
CRUcardiac rehabilitation unit
CRVcentral retinal vein
CRVOcentral retinal vein occlusion
Cscase
CSAVPcerebral subarachnoid venous pressure
CSDcat scratch disease
CSDBcat scratch disease bacillus
CSFcerebrospinal fluid
C-spinecervical spine
CTchest tube also computed axial tomography
CTEchronic traumatic encephalopathy
CThrcerebral thrombosis
CTScarpal tunnel syndrome
CTSPcalled to see patient
CUcause unknown
CUPcancer of unknown primary origin
CVcardiac volume also cardiovascular also Curriculum Vitae
CVAcerebrovascular accident (stroke) also costovertebral angle
CVCcentral venous catheters
CvDcardiovascular disease
CVLcentral venous line
CVPcentral venous pressure
CvScardiovascular system
CWPcell wall protein
Cxcervix also culture
CxRchest x-ray
cyath.glassful
Cystocystoscopy
dright (Lat. dexter)
D&Cdilation and curettage
D&Edilation and evacuation
D&Rdilation and radium implant
D&Vdiarrhoea and vomiting
D.P.dorsal pedia
d/cdiscontinue
D/DWdextrose in distilled water also distilled water
D/Ldecilter
D/Sdischarge summary
D/Wdextrose in water also discussed with
D5LR5% dextrose and lactated ringers
D5W5% dextrose and sterile water
DAHdiffuse alveolar hemorrhage
DAPdistal airway pressure
db.decibel
DBEdeep breathing exercise
DCdischarges also discontinue
DCISductal carcinoma in-situ
DDdischarge diagnosis
DDxdifferential diagnosis
decr.decreased
decub.lying down
def.defacation
dehyd.dehydrated
Derm.Dermatology
DESDiethylstilbestrol
DFSPdermatofibrosarcoma protuberans
DHdrug history
DHTdihydrotestosterone
DIdiabetes insipidus also diagnostic imaging
DIAG.diagnosis
diam.diameter
DICdisseminated coagulopathy also disseminated intravascular coagulation
DIEPdeep inferior epigastric perforator
diff.differential blood count
dil.dilute
dim.diminished
DINDdelayed ischemic neurologic deficit
DIPdistal interphalangeal (joint)
DIPGdiffuse intrinsic pontine glioma
dis.disease
disch.discharge
disp.disposition
dist.distal also distilled
DIUdeath in utero
div.divorced
DJDdegenerative joint disease
DKAdiabetic ketoacidosis
DLEdisseminated lupus erythematosis
DMdiabetes mellitus also diastolic murmur
DNAdeoxyribonucleic acid
DNKAdid not keep appointment
DNRdo not recussitate
DNRCCdo not recussitate comfort care
DOAdead on arrival
DOBdate of birth
DOEdyspnea on exertion
Dorsdorsal
DPLdiagnostic peritoneal lavage
DPNdeep peroneal nerve
DPTdiphtheria, pertussis, tetanus vaccine
DRdelivery room
dr.dram
DREdigital rectal examination
drsg.dressing
DSEdebutamine stress echocardiogram
DTRdeep tendon reflexes
DT'sdelirium tremens
DUduodenal ulcer
DUBdysfunctional uterine bleeding
DUIdriving under influence
Dxdiagnosis
ewithout
E. coliEscherichia coli
e.g.for example (Lat. exempli gratia)
EARestimated average requirements
EBLestimated blood loss
EBMexpressed breastmilk
EBVEpstein-Barr virus
EBV-IMEpstein-Barr virus (infectious mononucleosis)
ECCLencephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis
ECFextended care facility also extracellular fluid
ECHOechocardiogram also enterocytopathogenic human orphan virus
ECMOextra corporeal membrane oxygenation
ECSendocervical scrape
ECTelectroconvulsive therapy
ECTRendoscopic carpal tunnel release
EDemergency department
EDCestimated date of confinement
EDODestimated date of delivery
EDSexcessive daytime sleepiness
EEGelectroencephalogram
EENT see HEENTeyes, ears, nose, throat
EEXelectrodiagnosis
EGAestimated gestational age
EGDesophago-gastroduodenoscopy
EGFepidermal growth factor
EKG or ECGelectrocardiogram
elev.elevated
ELFelective low forceps
elix.elixir
EmBxendometrial biopsy
EMGelectromyogram/electromyography
EMMexpressed mother's milk
EMRelectronic medical records
EMSemergency medical service also endometrial scrape
EMTALAEmergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act
EMUearly morning urine
En.enema
ENTears, nose, throat
Eoc.eosinophiles
EOMextraocular movement
Epepilepsy
Epis.episiotomy
Epis. LMLleft mediolateral episiotomy
Epis. Med.medial episiotomy
Epis. RMLright mediolateral episiotomy
ERendoplasmic reticulum
ERCPendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ERPendoscopic retrograde pancreatography
ESexcessive sleepiness
ESR or sed. rateerythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRDend-stage renal disease
ESTelectroshock therapy
ESWLextracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
etand
ETIOL. or Etioetiology
ETOHethanol (alcohol)
ETSendoscopic thoracic sympathectomy
EUAexamine under anesthesia
EVALevaluation
EVRFAendovenous radio frequency ablation
ex.example also exercise
Exp. Lap.exploratory laparotomy
expirexpiration also expiratory
ext.external also extremity
EXTextraction
Ext.extract
ext. gen.external genitalia
FFahrenheit also female also finger
F.A.first aid
F.B.foreign body
f.f.force fluid
FAfluorescent antibody
FANA see ANAfluorescent antinuclear antibody test
FASDsfetal alcohol spectrum disorders
FBCfull blood count
FBSfasting blood sugar
FCAfracture, complete, angulated
FCCfracture, complete, comminuted also fracture, compound, comminuted
FCCCfracture, complete, comminuted, compound
FCDfracture, complete, deviated
FDfully dilated
FDAFood and Drug Administration
FDPfibrin degradation product also flexor digitorum profundus
FDSflexor digitorum superficialis
Fe def.iron deficiency
FECfreestanding emergency center
FEFforced expiratory flow
FEKG or FECGfetal electrocardiogram
fem.femoral
fem. pop.femoral popliteal
fet.fetal
FEVforced expiratory volume
FEV1forced expiratory volume in 1 second
FFPfresh frozen plasma
FGCfull gold crown
FHfamily history also fetal heart
fhfundal height
FHRfetal heart rate
FHR-UCfetal heart rate - uterine contraction
FHSfetal heart sounds
FHTfetal heart tones
FiO2faction of inspired oxygen concentration
fl.fluids
fl. dr.fluid dram
fl. oz.fluid ounce
flac.flaccid
fld.fluid
flex.flexion also flexor
FMfinger movement
FNAfine needle aspirate
FNABfine-needle aspiration biopsy
FOBfecal occult blood
FOOSHfell on outstretched hand
FOSfull of stool/constipated
FPALfull term premature abortion living
FPMfull passive movement
FRfracture also frequency of respiration also full range
fract.fractional
FRBBfracture of both bones
FRCfunctional residual capacity
FRJMfull range of joint movement
FROMfull range of motion also full range of movement
FSfinger stick
FSCfracture, simple comminuted
FSCCfracture, simple, complete, comminuted
FSEDfreestanding emergency department
FSHfollicle stimulating hormone
FTfull term
FTDfailure to descend also frontotemporal dementia
FTNDfull term normal delivery
FTSGfull thickness skin graft
FTTfailure to thrive
FTWfast-twitch white (skeletal muscle)
FU or F/Ufollow-up
FUBfunctional uterine bleeding
FUOfever of unknown/undetermined origin
FVCforced vital capacity
FWfetal weight
Fxfracture
FXBBfracture of both bones
g or gmgram
G or GRAVgravida (Lat. pregnant)
G&Sgroup and save
G.A.general anesthesia
G.C.gonococcus
G.H.growth hormone
G/Egastroenteritis
G/Mgranulocyte/macrophage
g/mlgrams per milliliter
G/Pgravida/para
G/Wglucose and water
GAgastric analysis also general anaesthetic/anesthesia also general appearance also gestational age
GABAgamma-aminobutyric acid
Galgallon
GBgallbladder also Guillain-BarrZ (syndrome)
GBEFgallbladder ejection fraction
GBMglioblastoma multiforme
GBSgallbladder series
GCgeneral condition also gonococcal also gonococcus
GC/MSgas chromatography/mass spectrometry
GCPgood clinical practice (guidelines)
GCRPgood clinical research practice
GCSGlasgow Coma Scale
GCTgerm cell tumor
GDMgestational diabetes mellitus
GEgastroenteritis also Gastroenterology also gastroesophageal
GEDgastric emptying duration also Graves' eye disease
gengeneral
GERgastroesophageal reflux
GERDgastroesophageal reflux disease
gest.gestation
GFRglomerulo filtration rate
GGTgamma-glutamyl transpeptidase
GIgastrointestinal
GLPgood laboratory practice
glucglucose
Gm- or GNgram negative
gm.%grams per 100 c.c.
Gm+ or GPgram positive
GMAgrand mal attack
GNglomerulonephritis
GNCgeneral nursing care
GOTgoal of treatment
GPgeneral paralysis also general practice also General Practitioner also Goodpasture (syndrome)
GPAGoodpasture antigen
GPPgood pharmacy practice
gr.grains (dosage)
Grav.pregnancy
GSSGerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome
GSWgunshot wound
gt.drop
Gt. tr.gait training
GTNglycerol trininitrate
GTTglucose tolerance test
gtt.drops
GUgenitourinary
GVH or GvHDgraft versus host disease
GYNGynecology
Hhistory also hydrogen also hypodermic
hhour
H&Chot and cold
H&Phistory and physical
h.d.at bedtime
H.O.house officer
H.R.S.T.heat, reddening, swelling, tenderness
h/ohistory of
H+hydrogen ion
H2Owater
H2O2hydrogen peroxide
HA or H/Aheadache
HAFhyperalimentation fluid
HASCVDhypertensive arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
HBheart block
Hb. or Hgbhemoglobin
HBPhigh blood pressure
hbsehuman behavior and social environment
HBVhepatitis B virus
HChead circumference
HCGhuman chorionic gonadotropin
Hct.hematocrit
HCVDhypertensive cardiovascular disease
Hdhead also Hodgkin's diseasee (lymphoma)
HDLhigh density lipproteins (cholesterol)
HEADShome, education/employment, activities, drugs, and sexuality (triage technique for adolescent histories)
HEENThead, eyes, ears, nose, throat
HEENT see EENThead, ear, eye, nose and throat
HELLPhemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count (syndrome)
HemHematology
Hem Prohematology profile
Hep. LockHeparin lock
hern.hernia
hgbhemoglobin
HGOhepatic glucose output
HHhealth history
HH or HOHhard of hearing
HIDAhepatobiliary (scan)
HIEhypoxic ischemic encephalopathy
hist.histology also history
HIVhuman immunodificiency virus
HKAFOhip knee ankle foot orthosis
HLAhistocompatibility leukocyte focus also human leukocyte group A
HMhand movement/motion
HMDhyaline membrane disease
HMGhuman menopausal gonadotropin
HNPherniated nucleus pulposus
HNPCChereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer
HOBhead of bed
HOCMhypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
horiz.horizontal
HPChistory of presenting complaint
hpfhigh power field
HPIhistory of present illness
HPLhuman placental lactogen
HRheart rate
HRThormone replacement therapy
HS or h.s.at bedtime (Lat. hora somni)
HSDDhypoactive sexual desire order
HSGhysterosalpingography
HSVherpes simplex virus
Htheart also height
HT or HTNhypertension
HVDhypertensive vascular disease
Hxhistory
Hyperal.hyperalimenation
hypohypodermically
Hzhertz (cycles/second)
Iradioactive iodine
I&Dincision and drainage
I&Ointake and output
i.c.between meals (Lat. inter cenam) also intracutaneous(ly)
i.d.during the day
I.U.International Unit
I/Eexpiratory also inspiratory
IAInferior Alveolar (oral injection site) also intra-arterially
IABPintra-aortic balloon pump
IBDinflammatory bowel disease
ICCUintensive coronary care unit
ICDimplantable cardioverter defibrillator
ICFintracellular fluid
ICPintracranial pressure
ICSintercostal space
ICTinsulin coma therapy
ICUintensive care unit
IDidentification also Infectious Disease also intradermal
IDDMinsulin dependent diabetes mellitus, type I
IDETintradiscal electrothermal annuloplasty
IDLintermediate density lipoprotein
Igimmunoglobulin
IgAimmunoglobulin A
IgEimmunoglobulin E
IgGimmunoglobulin G (Gamma Globulin)
IgMimmunoglobulin M
IHinfectious hepatitis
IHDischemic heart disease
ILVENinflammatory linear verrucous epidermal nevus (naevus)
IMinfectious mononucleosis also intramedullary also intramuscular
IMCUintermediate medical care unit
IMPinpatient multidimensional psych scale
imp.impression
IMVintermittent mandatory ventilation
In.inches
Inc. ABincomplete abortion
incr.increased(ing)
Inev. ABinevitable abortion
infinferior also infusion
inhal.inhalation
injinjection also injured
INRcoagulant response time also International Normalization Rate
inspirinspiration also inspiratory
instillinstillation
int.internal
INTHCintrathecally
IOinferior oblique
IONischemic optic neuropathy
IOPintraocular pressure
IPintraperitoneal
IPCintermittent pneumatic compression
IPJinterphalangeal joint
IPPBintermittent positive pressure breathing
IQintelligence quota
IRDSidiopathic respiratory distress syndrome
irreg.Irregular
ISintercostal space
ISTinsulin shock therapy
ITPidiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
IUCintrauterine catheter
IUCDintrauterine contraceptive device
IUDintrauterine device
IUFDintrauterine fetal death
IUGRintrauterine growth retardation
IUPintrauterine pregnancy
IUTPintrauterine term pregnancy
IVintravenous also intravenously
IVCinferior vena cava also intravenous cholangiogram
IVDintervertebral disc
IVIintravenous infusion
IVPintravenous pyelogram
IVPBintravenous piggy back
IVUintravenous urogram
IVUSintravascular ultrasound
Jjoint
J-PJackson Pratt drain
JRAjuvenile rheumatoid arthritis
jt.joint
JVPjugular venous pulse
Kkidney also potassium
KC1potassium chloride
Kcal.Kilocalorie
KCOtransfer factor for carbon monoxide
Kg.kilogram
KJknee jerk
KKknee kick
KS(17-) or 17KS17 ketosteroids
KSSKearns-Sayre syndrome
KUBkidney, ureter, bladder (x-ray)
KVOkeep vein open
Lleft also light also liter also liver also lower also syphillis (Lat. lues) also lumbar
L & Wliving and well
L&Dlabor and delivery
L.E.lower extremities
L.N.lymph node
L.O.C.laxative of choice also level of consciousness also loss of consciousness
L.S.lumbosacral
l/minliter per minute
L2, L3second, third lumbar vertebrae
LAleft antrum
lab.laboratory
lac.laceration
lacr.lacrimal
lact.lactic
LADleft anterior descending (coronary artery) also left axis deviation also lymphadenopathy
LAEleft atrial enlargement
lam.laminectomy
LANlymphadenopaty
lap.laparotomy
lat.lateral
LAVHlaparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy
laxlaxative
LBlarge bowel
lb.pound
LBBBleft bundle branch block
LBPlower back pain
LBWlow birth weight
LCAleft coronary artery
LDlethal dose
LDHlactic dehydrogenase
LDLlow density lipoprotein (cholesterol)
LElupus erythematosus
leuc.leukocytes
LFlow flap also low forceps
LFAleft frontoanterior
LFDlow forceps delivery
LFPleft frontoposterior
LFTleft frontotransverse also liver function test
lglarge also leg
LGAlarge for gestational age
LGVlymphogranuloma venereum
LHluteinizing hormone
LHRHluteinizing hormone-releasing hormone
LHTleft hypertrophia
LICSleft intercostal space
lig.ligament
LIHleft inguinal hernia
liq.liquid
LKS see LSKliver, kidneys, spleen
LLlower lid
LLElower left extremity
LLGleft lateral gaze
LLLlower left lobe (lung)
LLQlower left quadrant (abdomen)
LMAleft mentoanterior
LMDfamily doctor
LMLleft mediolateral
LMPlast menstrual period also left mentoposterior
LMTleft mentotransverse
LNMPlast normal menstrual period
LOAleft occiput anterior
LOMleft otitis media
LOPleft occipital posterior
LOSlength of stay
LOTleft occiput anterior
LPlight perception also lumbar puncture
lpflow power field
LPNlicensed practical nurse
LRlabor room also lateral rectus also light reflex
LRILimbal relaxing incisions
LRQlower right quadrant
Ls.loose
LSAlateral sacrum anterior
LSBleft sternal border
LSCSlower segment Cesarean section
LSOleft salpingo-oophorectomy
LSPleft sacrum posterior
LSTleft sacrum transverse
Lt.left also light
LTCSlow transverse Cesarean section
LUEleft upper extremity
LULleft upper lobe
LUQleft upper quadrant
LUTSlower urinary tract symptoms
LVleft ventricle
LVEDPleft ventricular end diastolic pressure
LVFleft ventricular failure
LVHleft ventricular hypertrophy
LWCTcoagulation time also Lee-White Clotting Time
Lymphslymphocytes
lyteselectrolytes
mmale also married also mass also meter also molar also mother also murmur
m.minim
m.a.s.patient is disagreeable and uncooperative
m.b.mix well
m.g.r.murmurs, gallops, or rubs
M.R.D.medical records department
M.R.L.medical record librarian
M.T.medical technologist/technician also muscles and tendons
MAmental age
MACmicrocytic adnexal carcinoma
mac.macerated
MACEmajor adverse clinical event
macro.macrocytic also macroscopic
MAEmajor arrhythmic events
MALmalignant
MAPmean arterial pressure
max.maxillary also maximum
MBCmaximum breathing capacity
mcg.microgram
MCHmean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCHCmean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
MCImild cognitive impairment
MCLmidclavicular line
MCPmetacarpophalangeal joint
mCRPCmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer
MCSmultiple chemical sensitivity
MCVmean corpuscular volume
MDmuscular dystrophy
MDImetered dose inhaler
Mdnt.midnight
MDSmyelodysplastic syndrome
MEmedical examiner also middle ear
MECmedical emergency clinic
mecmeconium
MEDminimum effective dose
Med.medicine
MENmultiple endocrine neoplasia
mEq./lmilliequivalents per liter
MERRFmyoclonic epilepsy with ragged red muscle fibers
MERSMiddle East respiratory syndrome
METmetabolic equivalent
Mets.metastasis
MGmyasthenia gravis
Mg.magnesium
mg.milligram
mg.%;milligrams per 100 cc
mg/dlmilligrams per deciliter
MGCTmalignant granular cell tumor
MGFmaternal grandfather
MGGFmaternal great grandfather
MGJmucogingival Junction
MHmarital history
MHC or HLAmajor histocompatibility complex
micromicrocytic also microscopic
MICUmedical intensive care unit
minminute
Mitr.Imitral insufficiency
Mlmitral insufficiency also myocardial infarction
ml.milliliter
MLFmedial longitudinal fasciculus
MMmucous membrane
mmmuscles
mm.millimeter
MMPIMinnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
MmRMumps, measles, Rubella
Mn.manganese also midnight
MNeo or MNplmalignant neoplasm
MOCmaintenance of certification
modmoderate
modsmultiple organ dysfunction syndrome
mol. wt.molecular weight
MOMmilk of magnesia
mono.monocyte
MPmetacarpophalangea also metacarpophalangeal
MPAmalpractice attorney
MPSmononuclear phagocytic system
Mr.medial rectus also mental retardation also mitral regurgitation
MRAmagnetic resonance angiography
MRCPmagnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
MRImagnetic resonance imaging
MRMmodified radical mastectomy
MRNmagnetic resonance neurography
mRNAmessenger RNA
MRSAMethicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
MRVmagnetic resonance venography
msmitral stenosis
MSmorphine sulfate also multiple sclerosis
Msmurmurs
MSLmidsternal line
mssmassage
MSUmidstream urine
MTmetacarpophalangeal joint
MTBImild traumatic brain injury
mtDNAmitochondrial DNA
MVAmotor vehicle accident
MVDmicrovascular decompression
MVPmitral valve prolapse
MVRmitral valve replacement
MVVmaximum voluntary ventilation
Nnormal
N&Vnausea and vomiting
N&Wnormal and well
n.nerve
N.P.Neuropsychiatry
N.S.nervous system
N/Anot applicable
N/Tnumbness & tingling
N2nitrogen
N2Onitrous oxide (anesthetic)
NAnot available
Nasodium
NaClsodium chloride
NADno abnormality detected also no apparent distress
NAPneutrophil alkaline phosphatase
NBnewborn
nbnote well
NBM or n.p.o.nothing by mouth (Lat. nil per oris)
NBSnormal bowel sounds also normal breath sounds
NCTnerve conduction test
NECnecrotising enterocolitis
NEDno evidence of disease
neg.negative
NERno evidence of recurrence
NERDno evidence of recurrent disease
Neur.Neurology
NGTnasogastric tube
NIno insurance
NICneonatal intensive care
NICUneonatal intensive care unit
NIDDMnon insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, type II
NIPno infection present also no inflammation present
NKAno known allergies
NMneuromuscular
NMRnuclear magnetic resonance (scan)
noct.nocturnal
NOSnot otherwise specified
NPneuropsychiatric
NPDnarcissistic personality disorder
NPHnormal pressure hydrocephalus also NPH insulin (Neutral Protamine Hagedorn/Zinc)
NPNnonprotein nitrogen (BUN and creatinine)
NSNeurosurgery also nonspecific
Ns.nerves
NSAno significant abnormality
NSAIDnon-steriodal anti-inflammatory drug
NSCLCnon-small cell lung cancer
NSDnormal spontaneous delivery
NSRnormal sinus rhythm
NSTnon-stress test
NSVDnormal spontaneous vaginal delivery
NTGnitroglycerine
NTPnormal temperature and pressure
nullipnever gave birth
NVnext visit
NVDnausea, vomiting, diarrhea
NVDEneuro-vascular intact, distal extremity
NWBnon-weight bearing
NYDnot yet diagnosed
onone also without
Ooedema also oral
O&Pova and parasites (stool exam)
O.pint
O.D.right eye (Lat. oculus dexter)
O.L.left eye (Lat. oculus sinister)
O.M.otitis media
O.S.left eye
O.T.occupational therapy also old tuberculin
O/Doverdose
O/Eon examination
O2oxygen
O2 cap.oxygen capacity
O2 sat.oxygen saturation
OAosteoarthritis
OB or OBGObstetrics
OB/GYNObstetrics and Gynecology
Obsobservation
OBSorganic brain syndrome
OCon call also oral contraceptive
OCC.occasional also occipital
OCDObsessive-Compulsive Disorder
OCPoral contraceptive pill
odonce daily
OGTToral glucose tolerance test
OHoccupational history also overhang (dental restoration)
OH(17-) or 17 OH17 hydroxy steroid
OHDorganic heart disease
OHIoral hygiene instruction
oint.ointment
OMSorganic mental syndrome
OOBout of bed
Op.operation
OPCoutpatient clinic
OPDoutpatient department
Ophth.Ophthalmology
opt.best (Lat. optimus)
ORopen reduction also operating room
OR-IF or ORIFopen reduction with internal fixation
ORToperating room technician
Ortho.Orthopaedic Surgery
osbone (Lat. ossa) also mouth (Lat. oris) also opening
OSAobstructive sleep apnea
ot.ear
OTCover-the-counter (pharmaceuticals)
OtoOtolaryngology
OUboth eyes also each eye (Lat. oculus uterqie)
OVoffice visit
OXPHOSoxidative phosphorylation
oz.ounce
Pafter also phosphorus also pulse
p & apercussion and auscultation
P&NPsychiatry and Neurology
p.c.after meals (Lat. post cenam)
P.M.afternoon (Lat. post meridiem) also post-mortem
p.o. or per/osby mouth (Lat. per oris)
p.o.d.postoperative day
p.r.per rectum
p.r.m.according to circumstances
p.r.n.as often as necessary (Lat. pro re nata)
P.T.physical therapy also posterior tibial artery also pulse
p/cpresenting complaint
P2pulmonic second heart sound
PAphysician's assistant
P-Aposteroanterior
PA viewposterioranterior view on x-ray
PA(S)Ppulmonary artery (systolic) pressure
PABApara-aminobenzoic acid
PACpremature atrial, auricular contraction
PaCO2arterial carbon dioxide tension pressure
PACUpost anesthesia care unit
PAFparoxysmal atrial fibrillation
palp.palpable also palpate also palpated
PANDASpediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococci
PaO2alveolar oxygen pressure
PapPapanicolaou test (pap smear)
PAPpulmonary artery pressure
Paraparaplegic also prior births
paren.parenterally
PARUpost anesthesia recovery unit
PASp-aminosalicylic acid also pulmonary artery systolic pressure also parental alienation syndrome
PATparoxysm atrial tachycardia also pregnancy at term
Path.Pathology
PAWPpulmonary artery wedge pressure
Pblead
PBperipheral blood
PBCprimary biliary cirrhosis
PBIprotein bound iodine
PBPsPenicillin-binding Proteins
PCApatient controlled anesthesia pump
PCLposterior cruciate ligament
PCO2carbon dioxide concentration
PCPpneumocystis carinii pneumonia also primary care physician
PCRpolymerase chain reaction
PCVpacked cell volume (of blood)
PDperinatal death also peritoneal dialysis also pupillary distance
PDApatent ductus arteriosus
PDNprivate duty nurse
PDRPhysician's Desk Reference
pdr.powder
PEpelvic examination also physical examination also pulmonary embolism
PEApelvic examination under anesthesia also pulseless electrical activity
Ped.Pediatrics
PEEPpositive end expiratory pressure
PEFRpeek expiratory flow rate
PEGpneumoencephalogram
PENPenicillin
perthrough also by
periperineal
PERLApupils equal and responding to light & accomodation
PERRLApupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation (normal)
PETpositron emission tomography
PFpush fluids
PFCpersistent fetal circulation
PFMporcelain fused to metal
PFTpulmonary function test
PGpseudogout (chondrocalcinosis)
PGFpaternal grandfather
pHhydrogen ion concentration also potential of hydrogen
PHpast history also pulomnary hypertension
pharmpharmacy
PHNpostherpetic neuralgia
PHYS.physical also physiology
PIpresent illness also pulmonary insufficiency
PICAposterior inferior coronary artery
PICCperipherially inserted central catheter
PICUpulmonary intensive care unit
PICVApercutaneous in situ coronary venous arterialization
PIDpelvic inflammatory disease
PIHpregnancy-induced hypertension
PILperipheral intravenous line
PIPproximal interphalangeal (joint)
Pit.Pitocin
PJIprosthetic joint infection
PKUphenylkentonuria
Plac.placenta
plts.platelets
PMpetit mal
PM&RPhysical Medicine and Rehabilitation
PMDprivate medical doctor
PMHpast medical history
pmlprogressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
PMNpolymorphonuclear
PMTpremenstrual tension
PNpoorly nourished also practical nurse also peripheral neuropathy
PNCpremature nodal contraction also prenatal clinic
PNDparoxysmal nocturnal dyspnea also post nasal drip
PNDDpostnatal developmental delay
pneu.pneumo also pneumonia
PNIperipheral nerve injury
PNLprenatal labs
PNSperipheral nervous system
PNXpneumothorax
PO2oxygen pressure (or tension)
POCproduct of conception
pofpillow on face
POIpost operative instructions
polyspolymorphonuclear leukocytes
POMRproblem oriented medical record
PONVpostoperative nausea and vomiting
POPpelvic organ prolapse
poplit.popliteal
pos.positive
post.posterior
POSTOP.postoperative
pot. or Kpotassium
PPper protocol
pppost partum also post prandial
PPBSpost prandial blood sugar
PPDpurified protein derivative (of tuberculin)
PPFprotein plasma fractional
PPHpost partum hemorrhage also primary pulmonary hypertension
ppmparts per million
PPPperipheral pulses palpable
PPPGpost prandial plasma glucose
PPSplasma protein solution
pptpart per trillion
PRProctology
PRBCpacked red blood cells
PREprogressive resistive exercise
pre-oppreoperative
prempremature
PRESPosterior Reversible Encephalopathy syndrome
prep.prepare for/as
PRICEprotection, relative rest, ice, compression, elevation
primip.first pregnancy
PRKphotorefractive keratectomy
pro. timeprothrombin time
prod.productive
Prog.prognosis
PROMpassive range of motion also premature rupture of membranes
pron.pronation also pronator
pros.prostate also prostatic
prosth.prosthesis
prot.protein also Protestant
PrPprion protein
PRVpolycythaemia rubra vera
PSPlastic Surgery also psychotic also pulmonary stenosis
PSAPosterior Superior Alveolar (oral injection site) also prostate-specific antigen
PSHpast surgical history
psipounds per square inch
PSMAprogressive spinal muscular atrophy
PSSprogressive systemic sclerosis
PSVpressure support ventilation
PSVTparoxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
Psych.Psychiatry
PTphysical therapy also prothrombin time
pt.patient
PTApercutaneous, transluminal angioplasty also prior to admission/arrival
PTBpatellar tendon bearing
PTCpercutaneous transhepatic, cholangiography
PTCApercutaneous transluminal coronary angiography
PTHparathyroid hormone
PTTpartial thromboplastin time
PTTKpartial thromboplastin time with kaolin
PTXpneumothorax
PUpregnancy urine
PUDpeptic ulcer disease
PUOpyrexia of unknown origin
PUPPPpruritic urticarial papules & plaques of pregnancy
PUVApsoralen ultraviolet A
PVper vaginam also peripheral vascular also plasma volume
PV bleedper vagina bleed
PVASIpelvic vascular injury
PVCpremature ventricular contraction
PVDperipheral vascular disease
PVLpostoperative visual loss
PVRProliferative Vitreal Retinopathy also pulmonary vascular resistance
PVTprevious trouble
PWB%partial weight bearing with percent
PWSPrader-Willi syndrome
Pxphysical examination
qeach/every (Lat. quaque)
q.d.once a day also every day (Lat. quaque in die)
q.h.every hour
q.h.s.every bedtime
q.i.d.four times a day
q.i.w.four times a week
q.l.as much as desired
q.n.s. or QNSquantity not sufficient
q.o.d.every other day
q.o.n.every other night
q.p.as much as you please
q.q.each also every (Lat. quaque)
q.q.h. or qqh or q4Hevery four hours (Lat. quaque quarta hora)
q.s.quantity sufficient
q.v.as much as you wish
q.w.every week
q2Hevery two hours
qhsonce in the evening (drug dosing)
qnevery night (Lat. quaque nox)
qt.quart
qts.drops
quad.quadriplegic
quant.quantitative also quantity
R to L&Areact to light and accommodation
r.rectal also rectal temperature also right also roentgen also x-ray
R.rub
r.a.m.rapid alternating movements
R.A.S.right arm sitting
R.S.V.respiratory syncytial virus
Raradium
RArefractory anemia also rheumatoid arthritis also right atrium
radradiation absorbed dose also right axis deviation
rad.radial
RADSreactive airays dysfunction syndrome
RAIradioactive iodine
RAPrecurrent abdominal pain
RASrenal artery stenosis
RASTradio-allergosorbent test
RAtxradiation therapy
RBBBright bundle branch block
RBCred blood cell also red blood count
RCAright coronary artery
RCSreticulum cell sarcoma
RCTroot canal therapy also root canal treatment
RCUrespiratory care unit
RDreaction to degeneration also respiratory disease also respiratory distress
RDSrespiratory distress syndrome
REreconditioning exercise
rect.rectal also rectally also rectum also rectus muscle
reg.regular
rehab.rehabilitation
resp.respirations also respiratory
RFrheumatic fever also rheumatoid factor
RFAright frontoanterior
RFPright frontoposterior
RFTright frontotransverse
Rhrhesus blood factor
RHright hyperphoria
RHDrheumatic heart disease
RHFright heart failure
RHTright hypertrophia
RIHright inguinal hernia
RLARancho Los Amigo Scale
RLEright lower extremity
RLFretrolental fibroplasia
RLLright lower lobe (lung)
RLNrecurrent laryngeal nerve
RLQright lower quadrant (abdomen)
RLSRestless Leg Syndrome
RMAright mentoanterior
RMLright mediolateral also right middle lobe (lung)
RMPright mentoposterior
RMSFRocky Mountain Spotted Fever
RMTright mentotransverse
RNAribonucleic acid
RO or R/Orule out
ROAright occipital anterior
ROMrange of motion (joint) also right otitis media also rupture of membranes
ROPright occipital posterior
ROSreview of systems
ROTright occipital transverse
RPretrograde pyelogram
RQrespiratory quotient
RRrecovery room also respiratory rate
RRE or RR&Eround, regular, and equal
rRNAribosomal RNA
RRPradical retropubic prostatectomy
RRRRegular Rate & Rhythm
RSAright sacrum anterior (fetal position)
RSDreflex sympathetic dystrophy
RSOright salpingo-oophorectomy
RSPright sacrum posterior (fetal position)
RSRregular sinus rhythm
RSTright sacrum transverse (fetal position)
RTradiation therapy also respiratory therapy
Rt.right
RTArenal tubular acidosis also road traffic accident
RTCreturn to clinic
RUCregular uterine contraction
RUEright upper extremity
RULright upper lobe (lung)
RUQright upper quadrant (abdomen)
RVresidual volume (lung capacity)
RVFright ventricular failure
RVHright ventricular hypertrophy
Rxprescription also therapy
Ssensation also sensitive also serum
swithout (Lat. sans)
S & RPscaling and root planning
S&Asugar and acetone
s.c.subcutaneous
s.gl.without correction (sans glasses)
S.O.A.P.subjective, objective assessment plan
S.O.S.repeat once if urgent
S.T.S.serological test for syphilis
S/Bseen by
S/Esystemic enquiry
S/Pstatus post (previous condition)
Sa.Saline
SACDsubacute combined degeneration
SAHsystemic arterial hypertension
SaO2arterial oxygen saturation
SBstillborn
SBEsubacute bacterial endocarditis
SBFTsmall bowel follow through (x-ray)
SBOsmall bowel obstruction
SCsickle cell
SCAsubclavian artery
SCCsickle cell crisis
SCDsudden cardiac death
schizschizophrenia
SCIDsevere combined immunodeficiency disease
SCUspecial care unit
SDHsubdural hematoma
secsecond
sem. vesseminal vesicles
Sens.sensation also sensory
sep.separated
Sept. ABseptic abortion
Serol.serological test
Serol.serology
SGAsmall for gestational age
SGOTserum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase
SHserum hepatitis also social history
SIsacroiliac joint also stroke index
SIADHSyndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion
sib.sibling
SICUsurgical intensive care unit
SIDSsudden infant death syndrome
SIJsacroiliac joint
SIRSsystemic inflammatory response syndrome
skel.skeletal
SLunder the tongue (Lat. sub lingua)
sl or s.l.in a broad sense (Lat. sensu lato)
Sl.slightly
SLAleft sacroanterior (fetal position) (Lat. sacrolaeva anterior)
SLAPsuperior labrum anterior and posterior
SLEsystemic lupus erythematosus
SLPleft sacroposterior (fetal position) (Lat. sacrolaeva posterior)
SLRstraight leg raising
SLTleft sacrotransverse (fetal position) (Lat. sacrolaeva transversa)
smsmall
SMA-14routine admission chemistry
SNSsympathetic nervous system
SOsuperior oblique
SO4sulfate
SOAswelling of ankles
SOBshortness of breath
SOB(OE)shortness of breath (on exercise)
sod.sodium
SOIsign of infection
SOLspace occupying lesion
Sol.solution
sono.sonogram
sp&Hspeech and hearing
sp.spinal also spine
sp.cd.spinal cord
sp.fl.spinal fluid
sp.grspecific gravity
spec.specimen
spg.sponge
spin.spinal also spine
SPNsuperficial peroneal nerve
spont.spontaneous
SRsedimentation rate also stimulus response also superior rectus muscle also system review
SROMspontaneous rupture of membranes
SSsocial service
SSCstainless steel crown
SSEsoap suds enema
SSNHLsudden sensorineural hearing loss
SSSsick sinus syndrome
ststage (of disease)
st.stomach
Staphstaphylococcus
stat.immediately
STDsexually transmitted disease
stom or st.stomach
strep.streptococcus
STSGsplit thickness skin graft
subcut.subcutaneous
subling.sublingual
SUIstress urinary incontinence
sulf.sulfate
sup.superior
supin.supination
suppsuppository
surg.surgery also surgical
SVCsuperior vena cava
SVDspontaneous vaginaldelivery
SVRsystemic vascular resistance
SVTsupra ventricular tachycardia
SWDshort wave diathermy
Sxsymptoms
sys.system
syst.systolic
Ttemperature also thoracic
T of Ftetralogy of Fallot
T&Atonsillectomy and adenoidectomy also tonsils and adenoids
T&Ctype and crossmatch
T, ODtension, right eye (Lat. oculus dexter)
T.A.T.tetanus antitoxin
T.F.tuning fork
t.i.d.three times a day
t.i.w.three times per week
T.M.ear drum (Lat. tympanum membrani)
T.R.Therapeutic recreation
T3triodothyronine
T4total serum thyroxine
TAtendon Achilles
TABtherapeutic abortion
tab.tablet
TAHtotal abdominal hysterectomy
TAVtranscatheter aortic valve
TBtuberculosis
TBItotal body irradiation also traumatic brain injury
TBLCterm birth living child
tbsp.tablespoon
TCDBturn, cough, deep breath
TCIto come in
tdsthree times daily
TEEtransesophageal echocardiography
temptemperature
TENtoxic epidermal necrolysis
TENStransient electric nerve stimulation
TESDtotal end systolic diameter
TFTthyroid function test
TGAtransposition great vessels
THERAP.therapeutic
THERAP.therapy
thor.thoracic also thorax
THRtotal hip replacement/revision
TItricuspid insufficiency
TIAtransient ischemic attack also transient ischemic shock
TIBCtotal iron binding capacity
TIPterminal interphalangeal (joint)
TIUPterm intrauterine pregnancy
TJtriceps jerk (reflex)
TKRtotal knee replacement/revision
TLCtender loving care also total lung capacity also triple lumen catheter
TMJtemporomandibular joint (Lat. temporalist mandibulae junction)
TNFtumor necrosis factor
TNItotal nodal irradiation
TNMtumor, nodes, and metastases
TOtelephone order
to AAto affected areas
TOAtubo-ovarian abscess
TORCH (titer)toxoplamosis, others (hepatitis, beta strep, flu, mumps, etc.) rubella, cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes virus II
TOSthoracic outlet syndrome
TPterm pregnancy
TPAthrombo proteolytic activity
TPHAtreponema pallidum haemagglutination assay
TPNtotal parenteral nutrition
TPRtemperature, pulse, respiration
trtrace
trachtracheostomy
TRHthyroid releasing hormone
tRNAtransfer RNA
TStricuspid stenosis
TSHthyroid stimulating hormone
tsp.teaspoon
TSStoxic shock syndrome
TTItotal thromboplastin index
TTOto take outs (discharge drugs)
TTPthrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura
T-Tubecholangiogram
TUNAtransurethral needle ablation (prostatic)
TURtransurethral resection
TURBtransurethral resection of the bladder
TURPtransurethral resection of the prostate
TVtidal volume
TVHtotal vaginal hysterectomy
TVRtricuspid valve replacement
Txtraction also treatment
U.unit
U.H.until healed
U/Aurinalysis
U/Eurea and electrolytes
u/ounder observation for also urine output
u/s or USultrasound
UCulcerative colitis also uterine contractions
UCDusual childhood diseases
UCGurinary chorionic gonadotropin
UCHDusual childhood diseases
UEupper extremity (Lat. extremitas)
UFEuterine fibroid embolization
UGupward gaze
UGIupper gastrointestinal also upper gastrointestinal series (x-ray)
ULupper lid
ulnulnar
ULQupper left quadrant
umb.navel/umbilical cord (Lat. umbilicus)
ung.ointment
unilat.unilateral
UOPurine output
Ur.urine
URDupper respiratory disease
URIupper respiratory infection
Urol.Urology
URQupper right quadrant
URTIupper respiratory tract infection
USA.unstable angina
USIurinary stress incontinence
USNultrasonic nebulizer
USP.United States Pharmacy
USPHAUnited States Public Health Administration
ut.uterine also uterus
UTIurinary tract infection
UVLultraviolet light
Vvein
V & Tvolume and tension (pulse)
V.I.vaginal irrigation
v.i.r.vascular interventional radiology
V.R.right vision also ventilation rate also vocal resonance
VAvisual acuity
vagvagina also vaginal
VC or vit.cap.vital capacity
VCSvasoconstrictor substance
VCUvoiding cystourethrogram
VDvenereal disease
Vdvoid
VDRLvenereal disease research laboratory (syphilis test)
vent.ventilator
vert.vertical
VFventricular fibrillation also visual fields
VGvein graft
VHDvalvular heart disease
VIvolume index
Viaby way of
VIPSvoluntary interruption of pregnancy and sterilization service
vit.vitamin
VLDLvery low density lipoproteins
VMvestibular membrane
VNvisiting nurse
VOverbal order
VODvision right eye
volvolume
VOSvision left eye
VPvenous pressure also venticulo-peritoneal
VPCventricular premature contraction
VQ scanventilation-perfusion scan
VREVancomycin-resistant Enterococci
VSvesicular sound also volumetric solution
VS or V.S.vital signs
VSAvital signs absent
VSDventricular septal defect
VSSvital signs stable
VT or V Tachventricular tachycardia
VTXvertex
VWFvon Willebrand factor
Vx.vertex presentation
Wwhite also widowed
W/Awhile awake
w/c or wh.ch.wheelchair
w/nwithin
W/Rward round
w/uworkup
Wass.Wasserman
WBwhole blood
WBCwhite blood count
WBC or w.b.c.white blood cells
WBTweight bearing to tolerance
WDWNwell developed, well nourished
WEwide excision
WFwhite female
wkweek
WMwhite male
WNwell nourished
WNLwithin normal limits
WNVWest Nile Virus
WPwhirlpool
WPWWolff-Parkinson-White
wt.weight
Xexophoria distance
xtimes
x/12number of months
x/52number of weeks
x/7number of days
X-matchcross-match
XTexotrophia distance
XYmale sex chromosome
y.o.years old
yrs.years
ZDVZidovudine
zeepzero end-expiratory pressure
zifzero insertion force
ziftZygote Intrafallopian Transfer
zigzoster immune globulin
zipzoster-immune plasma
ZOEzinc oxide eugenol
zsrzeta sedimentation rate

OFFICE

1.800.225.JDMD (5363)

FAX

601.487.1116

OFFICE HOURS

9am – 5pm CST, Mon-Fri

OFFICE

1.800.225.JDMD (5363)

FAX

601.487.1116

OFFICE HOURS

9am – 5pm CST, Mon-Fri