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AGlossary Home
Aasthma; artery; acid; aspirin
aassessment
also before (Lat. ante)
or ABabortion or miscarriage
or ARTartery
A&Eaccident and emergency
A&Pauscultation and percussion
A&Walive and well
a.c.before meals (Lat. ante cenam)
a.f.g.f.acidic fibroblast growth factor
a.k.above knee
a.p.before dinner
A.S.A.American Society of Anesthesiologists
A.S.A. 1normal healthy patient
A.S.A. 2patient with mild systemic disease
A.S.A. 3patient with severe systemic disease
A.S.A. 4patient with incapacitating systemic disease that is constant threat to life
A.S.A.S.Anterior Spinal Artery syndrome
A.Z.Ascheim-Zondek test
A/Bacid/base ratio
A/BEacid/base equilibrium
A/Galbumin globulin ratio
A/Oalert and oriented
A2aortic second sound
AAaffected area
aaequal part of each
AAAabdominal aortic aneurysm
AALacute lymphoblastic leukemia
also anterior axillary line
AAPassume agitation present
AAROMactive assisted range of motion
AASPacute atrophic spinal paralysis
AAUacute anterior uveitis
ABAce Bandage
also active bilaterally
abantibody
AB or abdabdominal
Abbabbreviations
ABCabsolute basophil count
abd.abdomen
also abduction
also abductor
ABEactivity before exercise
also acute bacterial endocarditis
ABGarterial blood gas
ABNabnormal
also active bulimia nervosa
also acute bacterial nephritis
ABParterial blood pressure
absabsent
ABWactual body weight
Acacute
ACanterior chamber
accaccident
Acc.Inc.accidentally incurred
Acc.Inj.accidental injury
accom.accommodation
ACEangiotensin converting enzyme
ACEIangiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
AChAcetylcholine
AChRAcetylcholine receptor
ACIOLanterior chamber intraocular lens
ACLanterior cruciate ligament
ACMacute cerebrospinal meningitis
ACM or APAPacetaminophen (paracetamol)
ACNPacute care nurse practitioner
ACOPapproved code of practice
Acousacoustic
Acracrylic
ACSacute cervical sprain
Actactinomycin
ACTactive motion
also anesthesia care team
actactivity
Act-Cactinomycin C
Act-Dactinomycin D
ACTDAtypical Connective Tissue disease
ACTHadrenocorticotropic hormone
ACVDacute cardiovascular disease
ADadvance directive
also Alzheimer's disease
also right ear (Lat. auris dexter)
ad libas desired
also at liberty
ADDAttention Deficit Disorder
ADHantidiruetic hormone (vasopressin)
ADHDAttention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder
ADLactivities of daily living
ADMacquired dermal melanocytosis
also arginine-deficient medium
adm.admission
ADRadverse drug reaction
AEabove elbow
AEAabove elbow amputation
AFafebrile
AF or Afibatrial fibrillation
AFBacid fast bacilli
AFOankle-foot orthosis
AFPalpha fetoprotein
AGAappropriate gestational age
AgNO3silver nitrate
AHabdominal hysterectomy
AHCDacquired hepatocellular degeneration
AHDacquired hepatocerebral degeneration
AHFArgentinian hemorrhagic fever
aIactive ingredient
AIAdequate Intake
also aortic insufficiency
also articulation index
AIDSacquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AIDS-KSacquired immunodeficiency syndrome with Kaposi's sarcoma
AJankle jerk
AKAabove knee amputation
akaalcoholic ketoacidosis
alb.albumin
alc.alcohol
ALDadrenoleukodystrophy
alkPhosalkaline phosphate
ALLacute lymphocytic/lymphoblastic leukemia
ALNDaxillary lymph node dissection
ALSamyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ALTalanine aminotransferase (formerly SGPT)
also alternating with
AMbefore noon (Lat. ante meridiem)
AMAagainst medical advice
amb.ambulating
also ambulatory
aMCIamnestic mild cognitive impairment
AMDage-related macular degeneration
AMIacute myocardial infarction
AMLacute myeloid/myeloblastic leukemia
amnioamniocentesis
amp.ampule
also amputation
AMSaltered mental status
ANA see FANAantinuclear antibody test
ANCabsolute neutrophil count
ANDallow natural death
ANDSAtypical Neurological Disease syndrome
anes.anesthesia
ANFantinuclear factor
ann. fib.annulus fibrosis
ANSautonomic nervous system
ant.anterior
ANUGacute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
Anxty or ANXanxiety
AOaorta
AOBalcohol on breath
AODMadult onset diabetes mellitus
APacid phosphatase
also active pepsin
also ante partum
A-Panteroposterior
AP res.abdominal perineal resection of the rectum
A-P&lat or AP&Lanteroposterior and lateral
APCatrial premature contractions
aphaphasia
APPassume pain present
aq.water
ARactive-resistance
also aortic regurgitation
ARCAIDS Related Complex
ARDacute respiratory distress
ARDSadult respiratory distress syndrome
AREactive-resistance exercise
ARFacute respiratory failure
also acute rheumatic fever
Arg.arginine
AROMactive range of motion
also artificial rupture of membranes
artarterial
also articulation
ASaortic stenosis
also left ear (Lat. Auris sinistra)
also ankylosing spondylitis
ASAaspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)
ASAPas soon as possible
ASC or ATSarteriosclerosis
ASCVDatherosclerotic/arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASDatrial septal defect
ASHDarteriosclerotic heart disease
ASOantistreptolysin O
ASTaspartate aminotransferase (formerly SGOT)
also aspartate transaminase
ATAchilles tendon
A-Tataxia telangiectasia
at. flut.atrial flutter
ATNacute tubular necrosis
ATNRasymmetrical tonic neck reflex
ATPadenosine triphosphate
ATRAchilles tendon reflex
ATTarginine tolerance test
AUaccording to custom (Lat. ad usum)
also both ears (Lat. auris unitas)
AUBabnormal uterine bleeding
aud.auditory
Aur. Fibauricular fibrillation
AVaortic valve
also atrioventricular
AV or AvVatrioventricular valves
AVDaortic valve disease
AVEaortic valve echocardiogram
AVFarteriovenous fistula
AVHSacquired valvular heart syndrome
AVMarteriovenous malformation
AVOaortic valve opening
AVparginine vasopressin
AVRaortic valve replacement
AVSaortic valve stenosis
AVtarginine vasotocin
AWable to work
also above waist
Ax.axial
also axilla
also axillary
AXRabdominal X-ray
BBack to Top | Glossary Home
Bblack
also born
B&Cbiopsy and curettage
B&Jbone and joint
B.bath
b.i.d. or B/Dtwice daily (Lat. bis in die)
b.i.n. or B/Ntwice a night (Lat. bis in nox)
B.U.O.bleeding of undetermined origin
also bruising of undetermined origin
BAbrachial artery
also bronchial asthma
Ba.E or BA or BEbarium enema
Ba.Sbarium swallow
Bab.Babinski sign
BACblood alcohol concentration
BALbronchoalveolar lavage
BAMbasilar artery migraine
BAObasal acid output
also brachial artery output
BAO-MAObasal acid output to maximal acid output
BAPBehavior Activity Profile
also brachial artery pressure
BARbariatrics
also barometer
also barometric
also beta-adrenergic receptor
Barbbarbiturate
BarbDepbarbiturate dependence
BARKbeta-adrenergic receptor kinase
BASbeta-adrenergic stimulation
Bas.basal
also basilar
basobasophile
also basophilic
BATbasic aid training
also blunt abdominal trauma
also brown adipose tissue
BAVbicuspid aortic valve
BBbeta blocker
also both bones
BBAborn before arrival
BBBbundle branch block
BBBBbilateral bundle-branch block
BBFbronchial blood flow
BBkblood bank
BBSbashful bladder syndrome
also bilateral breath sounds
BBTbasal body temperature
BBTCbasal body temperature chart
BBx or BrBx.breast biopsy
BBx/FSbreast biopsy/frozen section
BCbasal cell
also birth control
also board certified
also breast cancer
also bronchial carcinoma
also buffy coat
Bc or HCO3bicarbonate
BCAballoon catheter angioplasty
also basal cell atypia
also breast cancer antigen
BCAgbasal cell antigen
BCCbasal cell carcinoma
also benign cellular changes
also birth control clinic
BCDbasal cell dysplasia
BCEbasal cell epithelioma
BCGbacillus Calmette-Guerin (tuberculosis vaccine)
also ballistocardiogram
also ballistocardiography
also bromcresol green (Dye)
BCHbasal cell hyperplasia
BCPbirth control pills
BCSbreast conservation surgery
BCtblood count
BCult or bl cultblood culture
BCyFbreast cyst fluid
BCyFPbreast cyst fluid protein
BDband
also barbital-dependent
also behavioral disorder
also bile duct
also blood donor
also brain damage
also brain dead
also brain death
bdtwice daily
BD or D.O.B.birth date
Bd.board
BDCburn dressing change
BdGbidirectional Glenn shunt
BDIblunt duodenal injury
BDilbronchodilator
BEbelow elbow
BEAbelow elbow amputation
BETbenign essential tremor
BFloblood flow
BFPbiological false positive
BHTblunt head trauma
BIbasilar impression
also biological indicator
also bodily injury
also bone impaction
also burn index
Bic.biceps
BIDbrought in dead
BIHbilateral inguinal hernia
bilat.bilateral
also bilaterally
bilibilirubin
BInjbrain injury
BiWtwice weekly
BJbiceps jerk (reflex)
BJMbones joints muscles
BKbelow knee
bk.back
BKAbelow knee amputation
BkMDBecker muscular dystrophy
BLblood loss
BL or BsLbaseline
Blad.bladder
bld.blood
BLEboth lower extremities
BLLFbilateral lower lung fields
BLQboth lower quadrants
BLSbasic life support
BLS-Dbasic life support and defibrillation
BMbasal metabolism
also black male
also bone marrow
also bowel movement
BMDBest's macular dystrophy
BMIbody mass index
BMRbasal metabolic rate
BMT or HDCbone marrow transplant
BNbulimia nervosa
BNDbarely noticeable difference
BNObladder neck obstruction
BNPbrain natriuretic peptide
BO(R)bowels open (regularly)
BO/Bot.bottle-feeding
BOAborn on arrival
BOEbilateral otitis externa
BOIPbronchiolitis obliterans interstitial pneumonia
BOMbilateral otitis media
BOMAotitis media, both ears, acute
BOObladder outlet obstruction
BOOPbronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia
BOPblood ova parasites
BoTox or BTbotulinum toxin
BOWbag of water
BPblood pressure
also body part
BPC or BPCuffblood pressure cuff
BPDbronchopulmonary dysplasia
BPHbenign prostatic hypertrophy
BPMbeats per minute
BPPblood pressure and pulse
BPPVbenign paroxysmal positional vertigo
BRbedrest
BR or WCbathroom
Br.breech presentation
BRFDbreastfeeding; breastfed
brach.brachial
BRBPRbright red blood per rectum
bronchobronchoscopy
BRPbathroom privileges
BSblood sugar
also bowel sounds
also breath sounds
also bronchial secretion
BSAbody surface area
BSA or BS+bowel sounds active
BSBbedside bag
BSCbedside commode
BSDbedside drainage
BSExbreast self examination
BSNbowel sounds normal
BSObilateral salpingooophorectomy
BSPbromsulphalein (Dye)
BSRbasal skin resistance
also blood sedimentation rate
also bowel sounds regular
BSSbalanced salt solution
BSTblood serologic test
BTbladder tumor
also blood type
also body temperature
also brain tumor
also breast tumor
BT or Bl.Tbleeding time
BT or HSbedtime
BTBbromthymol blue (Dye)
BTEbehind the ear
BTFSbreast tumor/frozen section
BTLbilateral tubal ligation
BTLSbasic trauma life support
BTRbiceps tendon reflex
BTSblood transfusion service
BTUBritish thermal unit
BTWby the way
BTxblood transfusion
also brevetoxin
BUBethesda unit
also blood urea
also burn unit
also Buruli ulcer
BUAblood uric acid
Buc or Buccbuccal
BUEboth upper extremities
BUNblood urea nitrogen
BUN/CRblood urea nitrogen/creatine ratio
BUQboth upper quadrants
BURbilateral ureteral occlusion
BUSBartholin, urethral, and Skene glands
BVblood vessel
BVEblood vessel endothelium
BVObranch vein occlusion
BVPblood vessel prosthesis
BWbed wetting
also below waist
also birth weight
also black woman
BW or body wt.body weight
BWSbattered woman/wife syndrome
Bx.biopsy
CBack to Top | Glossary Home
CCaucasian
also cervical
C&Sculture and sensitivity
C.Celsius complement
also centigrade
also gallon
c.with
C.Icolor index
C.M.M.Certified Nurse-Midwife
c.v.tomorrow night
C/Ocare of
c/ocomplains of
also complaints
C/SCesarean section
C1 - C7cervical vertebrae
Cacalcium
also carcinoma
CAcancer
also cardiac arrest
also Caucasian adult
CA-MRSAcommunity-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
CAAcerebral amyloid angiopathy
CABGcoronary artery bypass graft
CaCO3calcium carbonate
CADcoronary artery disease
CAFCaucasian adult female
also cell adhesion factor
Caf.caffeine
CAHchronic active hepatitis
CAHDcoronary atherosclerotic heart disease
Cal or Kcal.calorie
CAMCaucasian adult male
CAPDcontinuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
Capscapsules
car.carotid
Card Cathcardiac catheterization
card.cardiac
CardMyocardiomyopathy
CaSaccalcium saccharin
CATcomputerized axial tomography
Cat.cataract
cathcatheter
also catheterization
CBCesarean birth
CBCcomplete blood count
CBDcommon bile duct
CBFcerebral blood flow
CBGcapillary blood gas
CBRcomplete bed rest
CBVcatheter balloon valvuloplasty
also cerebral blood volume
CCCaucasian child
also chief complaint
cc.cubic centimeter
CCBcalcium channel blocker
CCBscalcium channel blocker class
CCFcongestive cardiac failure
C-CFcarotid-cavernous fistula
CCGCcapillary column gas chromotography
CCSVIchronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency
CCUcoronary care unit
CDcadaver donor
also cardiac disease
also contagious disease
cdcandela (measurement unit for light)
CD or COD or c.m.cause of death (Lat. causa mortis)
CDCCenter for Disease Control
CDHchronic daily headache
c. diff or CDIClostridium difficile
CDyscardiac dysrhythmia
CEAcarcinoembryonic antigen
also carcinoembryonic enzyme
Cerv.cervical
also cervix
CFcardiac failure
also Caucasian female
also cystic fibrosis
CFSChronic Fatigue syndrome
cg.centigram
CHBcomplete heart block
CHDcongenital heart disease
also coronary heart disease
Chem.chemotherapy
CHFcongestive heart failure
CHOcarbohydrate
Cholcholesterol
Chrchronic
CIcardiac index
also cardiac insufficiency
also cerebral infarction
CICUcardiac intensive care unit
CIDcarpal instability, dissociative
CIDPchronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy
CINDcarpal instability, non-dissociative
CIScarcinoma in situ
CI-XII1st to 12th cranial nerve
CJDCreutzfeldt-Jakob disease
C-JFcarotid-jugular fistula
CKcreatinine kinase
clcentiliter
Clchloride
also chlorine
also clubbing
Cl.Tclotting time
Clav. or Clclavicle
cldycloudy
CLLchronic lymphocytic leukemia
CMcardiac murmur
also cardiac muscle
also Caucasian male
cm.centimeter
CMalcerebral malaria
CMasscenter of mass
Cmccarpometacarpal
CMCJcarpometacarpal joint
CMEcystoid macular edema
CMemcell membrane
CMLchronic myeloid leukemia
CMVcytomegalovirus
CNcranial nerve
CNScentral nervous system
cnst.constipation
COcarbon monoxide
also cardiac output
Co2 or CDcarbon dioxide
COADchronic obstructive airway disease
COCAcommon carotid artery
COLDchronic obstructive lung disease
comb.combination
also combine
comm.communicable
comp.compound
also compress
conc.concentrated
cons.consultation
cont.continued
also contractions
COPcenter of pressure
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Corheart
CPcerebral palsy
also chest pain
CPAPcontinuous positive airway pressure
CpBycardiopulmonary bypass
CPCclinicopathological conference
CPDcephalo-pelvic disproportion
CPKcreatinine phosphokinase
CPMcentral pontine myelinolysis
CPPBcontinuous positive pressure breathing
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPRScomplex regional pain syndrome
CPTchest physical therapy
CRclosed reduction
cran.cranial
CRDchronic respiratory disease
CRECarbapenum-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
creat. or Creacreatinine
CRFcase report form
also chronic renal failure
CRPC-reactive protein
CRPSComplex Regional Pain syndrome
CRScatheter-related sepsis
CRTcapillary refill time
also cardiac resuscitation team
Crtcritical
CRUcardiac rehabilitation unit
CRVcentral retinal vein
CRVOcentral retinal vein occlusion
Cscase
CSAVPcerebral subarachnoid venous pressure
CSDcat scratch disease
CSDBcat scratch disease bacillus
CSFcerebrospinal fluid
C-spinecervical spine
CTchest tube
also computed axial tomography
CTEchronic traumatic encephalopathy
CThrcerebral thrombosis
CTScarpal tunnel syndrome
CTSPcalled to see patient
CUcause unknown
CUPcancer of unknown primary origin
CVcardiac volume
also cardiovascular
also Curriculum Vitae
CVAcerebrovascular accident (stroke)
also costovertebral angle
CVCcentral venous catheters
CvDcardiovascular disease
CVLcentral venous line
CVPcentral venous pressure
CvScardiovascular system
CWPcell wall protein
Cxcervix
also culture
CxRchest x-ray
cyath.glassful
Cystocystoscopy
DBack to Top | Glossary Home
dright (Lat. dexter)
D&Cdilation and curettage
D&Edilation and evacuation
D&Rdilation and radium implant
D&Vdiarrhoea and vomiting
D.P.dorsal pedia
d/cdiscontinue
D/DWdextrose in distilled water
also distilled water
D/Ldecilter
D/Sdischarge summary
D/Wdextrose in water
also discussed with
D5LR5% dextrose and lactated ringers
D5W5% dextrose and sterile water
DAHdiffuse alveolar hemorrhage
DAPdistal airway pressure
db.decibel
DBEdeep breathing exercise
DCdischarges
also discontinue
DCISductal carcinoma in-situ
DDdischarge diagnosis
DDxdifferential diagnosis
decr.decreased
decub.lying down
def.defacation
dehyd.dehydrated
Derm.Dermatology
DESDiethylstilbestrol
DFSPdermatofibrosarcoma protuberans
DHdrug history
DHTdihydrotestosterone
DIdiabetes insipidus
also diagnostic imaging
DIAG.diagnosis
diam.diameter
DICdisseminated coagulopathy
also disseminated intravascular coagulation
DIEPdeep inferior epigastric perforator
diff.differential blood count
dil.dilute
dim.diminished
DINDdelayed ischemic neurologic deficit
DIPdistal interphalangeal (joint)
DIPGdiffuse intrinsic pontine glioma
dis.disease
disch.discharge
disp.disposition
dist.distal
also distilled
DIUdeath in utero
div.divorced
DJDdegenerative joint disease
DKAdiabetic ketoacidosis
DLEdisseminated lupus erythematosis
DMdiabetes mellitus
also diastolic murmur
DNAdeoxyribonucleic acid
DNKAdid not keep appointment
DNRdo not recussitate
DNRCCdo not recussitate comfort care
DOAdead on arrival
DOBdate of birth
DOEdyspnea on exertion
Dorsdorsal
DPLdiagnostic peritoneal lavage
DPNdeep peroneal nerve
DPTdiphtheria, pertussis, tetanus vaccine
DRdelivery room
dr.dram
DREdigital rectal examination
drsg.dressing
DSEdebutamine stress echocardiogram
DTRdeep tendon reflexes
DT'sdelirium tremens
DUduodenal ulcer
DUBdysfunctional uterine bleeding
DUIdriving under influence
Dxdiagnosis
EBack to Top | Glossary Home
ewithout
E. coliEscherichia coli
e.g.for example (Lat. exempli gratia)
EARestimated average requirements
EBLestimated blood loss
EBMexpressed breastmilk
EBVEpstein-Barr virus
EBV-IMEpstein-Barr virus (infectious mononucleosis)
ECCLencephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis
ECFextended care facility
also extracellular fluid
ECHOechocardiogram
also enterocytopathogenic human orphan virus
ECMOextra corporeal membrane oxygenation
ECSendocervical scrape
ECTelectroconvulsive therapy
ECTRendoscopic carpal tunnel release
EDemergency department
EDCestimated date of confinement
EDODestimated date of delivery
EDSexcessive daytime sleepiness
EEGelectroencephalogram
EENT see HEENTeyes, ears, nose, throat
EEXelectrodiagnosis
EGAestimated gestational age
EGDesophago-gastroduodenoscopy
EGFepidermal growth factor
EKG or ECGelectrocardiogram
elev.elevated
ELFelective low forceps
elix.elixir
EmBxendometrial biopsy
EMGelectromyogram/electromyography
EMMexpressed mother's milk
EMRelectronic medical records
EMSemergency medical service
also endometrial scrape
EMTALAEmergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act
EMUearly morning urine
En.enema
ENTears, nose, throat
Eoc.eosinophiles
EOMextraocular movement
Epepilepsy
Epis.episiotomy
Epis. LMLleft mediolateral episiotomy
Epis. Med.medial episiotomy
Epis. RMLright mediolateral episiotomy
ERendoplasmic reticulum
ERCPendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ERPendoscopic retrograde pancreatography
ESexcessive sleepiness
ESR or sed. rateerythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRDend-stage renal disease
ESTelectroshock therapy
ESWLextracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
etand
ETIOL. or Etioetiology
ETOHethanol (alcohol)
ETSendoscopic thoracic sympathectomy
EUAexamine under anesthesia
EVALevaluation
EVRFAendovenous radio frequency ablation
ex.example
also exercise
Exp. Lap.exploratory laparotomy
expirexpiration
also expiratory
ext.external
also extremity
EXTextraction
Ext.extract
ext. gen.external genitalia

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